According to Oleg Loginov.
April 23 – ST. GEORGE’S MEMORIAL DAY
Hans von Kulmbach. «George the Victorious». (circa 1510)
The Great Martyr George of Cappadocia, now one of the most revered saints in the Christian world, was the son of rich and pious parents who raised him in the Christian faith. George was born in the city of Beirut (in ancient times — Belit), at the foot of the Lebanese Mountains. In the army of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, he reached the position of commander of a thousand. And then he accused the emperor of cruelty and injustice for the persecution of Christians. For which he was executed in Nicomedia in 303.
Juliusz Kossak. «Saint George»
Of the exploits of St. George, the most famous is the victory over a snake that, according to legend, lived in a lake near Beirut. Coming out of the lake, the snake kidnapped people and devoured them. Many times the people, armed, came out of the city gates and opposed the serpent. But each time the serpent drove them away with its stinking and destructive breath, from which many fell ill and died.
Paolo Uccello. «The Battle of St. George with the Serpent»
Returning from a military campaign, George saw near the lake the daughter of the king of Beirut, given to be eaten by a snake. Having made the sign of the cross over himself, George rushed on his horse at the serpent. He stabbed him in the open mouth with a spear and pinned him to the ground. And then he ordered the king’s daughter to tie the serpent with her belt and lead him to the city, humble as a dog. The tsar and the people were afraid and wanted to flee in fear of the serpent, but George told them: «Do not be afraid, just put your trust in my Lord, Jesus Christ, and believe in Him, for it was He who sent me to you to save you from the serpent.» And with these words, drawing his sword, he killed the serpent.
George fell victim to the campaign of terror unleashed against Christians by Emperor Diocletian in 303-304. Being an adherent of the Old Roman traditions, Diocletian supported the cult of Jupiter and gave orders to force Christians to renounce their God. Persecution of Christians began. For example, on one of the holidays, an excited crowd violently attacked a Christian church in Nicomedia, filled with worshippers, and set it on fire from all sides – thousands of Christians died in the fire.
Pavel Ryzhenko. «The choice of faith»
The Emperor Diocletian himself elevated George, appointing him to the post of commander in his army, and therefore tried to show leniency to the «lost» Christian. The biblical legend tells that Diocletian said to George:
— Renounce faith in Christ, do not betray yourself to torment. Refuse and you will receive even more honor from us.
— Nothing and no torments will frighten me and shake my faith! — said George. Diocletian ordered his squires to expel George from the assembly with spears and imprison him in prison. As soon as the spear touched the saint’s body, the iron of the spear became as soft as tin and bent. In the dungeon, George’s feet were hammered into the decks and a heavy stone was placed on his chest. George endured all this, continuing to remain faithful to God.
Michael van Coxey. «The Martyrdom of St. George»
Then Diocletian ordered to bring a huge wheel, studded with iron points like swords and spokes. The tsar ordered the martyr to be tied to that wheel and, turning the wheel, ordered him to be tortured with spikes mounted on planks.
George was lying on the wheel, not letting out a single moan. Everyone decided that George was dead, and the tsar ordered to untie him. However, an angel appeared to him, after which he descended from the wheel, healed by him. Then Diocletian ordered to seize George and bury him in a ditch with quicklime. But when three days later George was dug out of the ditch, he was unharmed. Rage seized the tsar, and he ordered to torture and torment George, but the saint endured all this with the name of God on his lips.
The emperor was stubborn and ordered to poison George with poison. He drank two cups without the slightest harm to his health.
Peter Paul Rubens. «The martyrdom of St. George»
As a last resort, Diocletian ordered to cut off George’s head with a sword. And this method worked. On April 23, 303, George was executed. The head of the holy Great Martyr is now kept in Rome, in the church bearing his name.
The days of his memory: in the Catholic Church – April 23, in the Orthodox — May 6. Saint George is considered the patron saint of warriors, farmers and cattle breeders, as well as the patron saint of Georgia. In addition, in Western Europe, it is believed that prayers to St. George (George) help to get rid of poisonous snakes and infectious diseases.
*Texts from Wikipedia and other Internet resources were used.
Photo rating on the topic «Pictures about the execution of holy martyrs»
*Translated using an electronic dictionary. The original text in Russian and much more on the criminal topic can be selected on the main page of the site — http://crimerecords.info/