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EXECUTION OF THE DAY According to Oleg Loginov. August 24. EXECUTION OF MONK EUSTACE

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EXECUTION OF THE DAY

According to Oleg Loginov.

August 24

EXECUTION OF MONK EUSTACE

The pirate of French origin, Eustace Busket, is known by the nicknames «Monk Eustace» (Eustace the Monk) and the Black Monk (Le Moine Noir). And his life served as the basis for a number of legends about medieval robbers.

According to one of these legends, in 1190 he, either having already been tonsured as a monk, or not yet, he left the Abbey of Saint-Samer (St Samer Abbey) to avenge his father, who was recently killed. Because of this, he was later called a monk. According to another legend, Eustace Busquet either studied black magic with the Moors in Toledo, Spain, or communicated with the Toledo Moors in France. But he allegedly mastered the art of black magic. And they say that thanks to him he could make his ship invisible.

But maybe Eustace Busquet should have learned the art of getting along with people. He was very quarrelsome. At first he quarreled with Count Renaud de Dammartin, with whom he was in the service. As a result, the earl confiscated his lands, and Eustace began to plunder his patrimony.

Cornet Castle on the island of Guernsey was the main base of the Black Monk

Then he changed from a land robber to a marine. King John the Landless of England hired him intermittently from 1205 to 1212 for actions at sea against King Philip II of France. And at the same time John gave him a fleet of thirty ships, after which Eustace began to pose a serious threat in the English Channel. Together with his brothers, he raided the coast of Normandy and took possession of the castle of Cornet on the island of Guernsey, where he organized his pirate base. But then Eustace defected to the side of the French king and began to plunder coastal English towns and villages. The English hated him for his ingratitude, because Eustace attacked them using the ships granted to him by the English monarch and for the disasters that he brought them.

Finally, the British, having assembled a fleet of Five ports, managed to defeat his squadron. They overtook her remnants on August 24, 1217, near the port of Sandwich. The battle turned out to be notable

Eustace’s own vessel, the «Big Ship of Bayonne» led a French squadron, which had 11 warships and about 70 smaller vessels that carried supplies. All eleven warships were overloaded, especially the flagship, which carried a trebuchet and horses intended for Prince Louis, who was in England. The English ships were usually smaller than the French, and there were fewer in number. But the British ships took a windward position and attacked. Due to their position to leeward, the English archers inflicted significant damage on enemy sailors and soldiers before the French archers were able to respond effectively. The British also opened pots of lime, which the wind carried away towards the French, blinding their eyes.

At the beginning of the battle, the French flagship engaged a ship under the command of King John’s illegitimate son, Richard Fitzroy. Then the French flagship was attacked from the other side by the English commander Philip d’Aubigny. Caught between two fires, the French faltered and surrendered.

Marek Szyszko. «The Battle of Sandwich»

Eustace Monk was found in the hold of his ship, where he was trying to hide. In a last desperate attempt to escape, he offered 10,000 marks for his freedom and swore to faithfully serve the King of England. But the British remembered his atrocities too well. But they showed a certain leniency to the pirate.

The British offered Eustace a choice — how exactly he wants to be executed. There were three options: hang it on the yard, hang it on the crossbar of the trebuchet, with which the loads were lifted onto the deck, or cut off the head. Presumably Eustace Monk chose the latter. It is known that a sailor from Winchelsea, Stephen Tribe, cut off his head and strung it on a spear.

Later, the pirate’s head was taken to the shore, where it was shown to the residents of Canterbury and Dover.

Since the victory over Eustace the Monk was won on St. Bartholomew’s Day, the residents of Sandwich built a chapel and a hospital for the poor near the city in honor of this saint. Since then, every year on August 24, they staged a solemn procession from Sandwich to the said hospital, carrying hundreds of lighted candles in their hands.

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*Texts from Wikipedia and other Internet resources were used.

*Translated using an electronic dictionary. The original text in Russian and much more on the criminal topic can be selected on the main page of the site — http://crimerecords.info/

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