PHOTO RATING «CHICAGO POLICE HISTORY»
According to Oleg Loginov
Unlike most countries, the United States does not have a single police department; therefore, there is no official term «US Police». Instead, every state, as well as every major city, and sometimes even a smaller locality, has its own police department, independent of the others. Large transport enterprises may also have their own police departments.
THE OFFICIAL PART
The Chicago Police Department (CPD) is the second largest municipal police department in the United States after the New York City Police Department. It employs about 12,000 employees and more than 1,925 other employees. The Chicago Police Department, dating back to 1835, is one of the oldest modern police departments in the world.
In 1825, prior to the creation of Cook County, when Chicago was a township in Putnam County, Archibald Klayborn was appointed constable of the area between the DuPage River and Lake Michigan. Klayborn became an important citizen of the city, and diagonal Klayborn Avenue is named after him. When Chicago became a city in 1837, a high constable was elected there. He, in turn, appointed a general constable from each of the city districts.
In 1858, the first uniform was adopted: a blue frock coat (nicknamed «copper»), a blue cap with a gold ribbon and a simple brass star. Officers carried heavy canes during the day, batons at night and used metal «squeaks» to call for help.
In 1855, the newly elected city Council passed resolutions on the official establishment of the Chicago Police Department. Chicago was divided into three police stations, each served by a station. Station No. 1 was located in a building on State Street between Lake and Randolph Streets. Station No. 2 was located on West Randolph Street, near Des Plain Street. Station No. 3 was located on Michigan Street (since renamed Hubbard Street) next to Clark Street. After 1856 The department has hired many foreign-born recruits, especially unskilled but English-speaking Irish immigrants.
Chicago police patrol van. 1887
In 1860, a detective department was established to investigate and solve crimes. Initially, it consisted of 6 detectives. Over the next 20 years, the unit slowly expanded, but by 1890 there were already 50 detectives operating.
In 1861, the mayor was effectively deprived of the power to control the Chicago police Department. Powers were transferred to three police commissioners.
In 1871, James L. Shelton became the first black police officer of the Chicago Police Department.
In 1896, the Parade of Chicago Police Officers became the first film shot in Chicago.
In 1886, there were riots in Haymarket Square. The bomb was thrown among police officers who were trying to disperse a large crowd. Result: seven officers killed, 67 wounded. Later, a monument to the victims was erected, it stands at 700 West Randolph Street. And most importantly, these riots were the beginning of the May Day holiday, celebrated in many countries of the world.
Marie Owens is considered the first female police officer in the United States, who joined the Chicago Police Department in 1891 and retired in 1923. As a sergeant, Owens oversaw compliance with child labor laws.
In 1908, the Chicago police received the first three passenger cars, and in 1910 they additionally received motorcycles and boats. Female officers were officially appointed from August 13, 1913, starting with ten officers.
In 1918, Grace Wilson joined the service, possibly the first black female police officer in the history of the United States.
The Valentine’s Day massacre led to the creation of the first U.S. crime lab in 1938. After Al Capone organized the mass murder of seven mafiosi, Calvin Goddard was brought to Chicago from New York because of his experience in firearms and ballistics. Thanks to his work, the Chicago Police Department was able to establish that Capone and his men committed a mass murder by disguising themselves as policemen.
As a result, Goddard was appointed director of the country’s first independent forensic laboratory of criminology, which opened at Northwestern University in 1931.
Orlando W. Wilson, the first civilian superintendent, was appointed mayor in 1960. A former dean of criminology, Wilson introduced major reforms to the Department, including a new and innovative center, a reduction in police stations, a fairer promotion process, and an emphasis on motorized patrolling instead of walking. The vehicles were painted blue and white and equipped with blue light strips.
In 1994, the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS) was introduced, which served as a model for public order operations across the country, and in 1995, the Emergency Management and Communications Center, also known as the «9-1-1 Center», was opened, which combines call reception operations for all Chicago emergency services.
Roll call of the seventh regiment opposite the Armory on April 15 , 1912
Thirteen bullet holes in a glass window at the scene of an attempted murder, Chicago, circa 1920s
Arrest of women for wearing an incomplete bathing suit. Chicago.1922
The police arrived at the crime scene. As always — a drunken stabbing. Chicago, USA. 1954.
Chicago police officer sprays spray at demonstrators. 1968
UNIFORMS, VEHICLES, WEAPONS
Chicago Sheriff’s Office
On June 17, 2021, the crowd wanted to demolish the monument to the navigator Christopher Columbus. But the police came to his defense with their breasts. The protesters began throwing stones, bottles and other objects at the police officers providing security at the demonstration. At least 18 police officers were injured and 12 people were detained.
*Texts from Wikipedia and other Internet resources were used.
*Translated using an electronic dictionary. The original text in Russian and much more on the criminal topic can be selected on the main page of the site — http://crimerecords.info/