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HOLIDAYS WITH A CRIMINAL BACKGROUND According to Oleg Loginov. November 5 – GUY FAWKES NIGHT

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HOLIDAYS WITH A CRIMINAL BACKGROUND

According to Oleg Loginov.

November 5 – GUY FAWKES NIGHT

Guy Fawkes’ Night is a traditional, but not a state, annual holiday in the UK on the night of November 5.

This night marks the failure of the Gunpowder Plot, when a group of Catholic conspirators tried to blow up the British Parliament in London on the night of November 5, 1605, during the throne speech of the Protestant King James I, when, besides him, members of both houses of Parliament and supreme representatives of the country’s judiciary would have been present in the House of Lords building.

The conspirators prepared carefully for the assassination attempt. They had rented the Vinaigrette House in advance, adjacent to the part of Westminster where the House of Lords was mixed and where the opening of the parliamentary session was to take place. From the Vinaigrette House they planned to sneak into the abandoned basement of Westminster. However, it was not there, it turned out that the basement had already been handed over for a commercial warehouse. However, this did not stop the conspirators, they bought the basement for rent. Then bags of gunpowder were moved there from the Vinaigrette House.

The crucial hour was approaching. Guy Fawkes went to the basement, prepared the fuse that led to the bags of gunpowder, and headed outside. He did not have time to get out, as people waiting in ambush, led by Justice of the Peace Nivet, attacked him.

«If you had me trapped inside,» Guy Fawkes said, «I would have blown you up, myself, and the whole building.

By order of Nivet, the barrels of gunpowder were opened and neutralized.

The conspirators, having learned that their plan had failed, began to hastily leave the capital. But ironically, the «gunpowder plot» turned into a «gunpowder death». During a short stop at the house of one of the conspirators of Lititon, in Staffordshire, they decided to dry the gunpowder, which they had soaked while swimming across the river. The falling spark ignited a whole bag of gunpowder, which exploded with a terrible roar. Those who remained alive after the explosion fled. But it was too late, they were overtaken by a detachment of the county sheriff. Active participants in the conspiracy, Ketsby and Percy were killed in a shootout, and Thomas Winter, wounded in the arm, was captured.

Meanwhile, tortured on a sinew-stretching machine, Guy Fawkes gave away both accomplices and details of the plot. Some of the conspirators: Dogby, Robert Ketsby, Garnet, Grant and Bets were simply hanged in St. Paul’s Square. And the others: Fox, Kay, Roxwood and Tom Winter were given a more sophisticated execution – they were first hanged, and then also gutted on the palace grounds.

On January 21, 1605, the parliament, which escaped death, decided to declare November 5 the opening day of the «gunpowder plot» and celebrate it with the ascension of a prayer of thanks. Since then, the British have been solemnly celebrating the salvation of the king, arranging a theatrical masquerade every year on November 5 and burning an effigy of Guy Fawkes at the stake. And the day before, the children beg for coins «for a great guy Guy» to buy firecrackers. Before the opening of each session of the Parliament, according to tradition, a ceremonial inspection of all the basements of the building is carried out.

In addition to Britain, Guy Fawkes Night is also celebrated in some of its former colonies — in New Zealand, South Africa, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada), parts of the British Caribbean Islands and Australia.

For more information, see the article «Gunpowder Conspiracy».

*Texts from Wikipedia and other Internet resources were used.

*Translated using an electronic dictionary. The original text in Russian and much more on the criminal topic can be selected on the main page of the site — http://crimerecords.info/

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