HOLIDAYS WITH A CRIMINAL BACKGROUND
According to Oleg Loginov.
November 30 – ST. ANDREW’S MEMORIAL DAY
Francisco de Surbaran. «Saint Andrew»
St. Andrew, the Apostle, Andrew the First-called is the first of the disciples of Jesus Christ, the brother of St. Peter the Apostle. According to the Gospel of John, he was the first called by Jesus Christ as a disciple, therefore he was called the First-called.
The twelve disciples of Jesus divided among themselves the countries where they were to carry the gospel message, converting the Gentiles to Christ. The vast lands of Bithynia and Propontis with the cities of Chalcedon and Byzantium, the lands of Thrace and Macedonia stretching to the Black Sea and the Danube, in addition, the lands of Scythia and Thessaly, Hellas and Achaia, the cities of Amis, Trebizond, Heraclius and Amastrida fell to Saint Andrew by lot. Saint Andrew passed through these cities and countries, carrying the gospel sermon to the pagans. The first field of his apostolic ministry was the coast of the Black Sea, which at that time was called the «Euxine Pontus» («Hospitable Sea»).
Almost everywhere the apostle found himself, the authorities met him with severe persecution, he endured many sorrows and sufferings. But, supported by the strength of his faith, Saint Andrew «with delight» endured all the calamities in the name of Christ. The First-Called Apostle had to face especially many torments in the city of Sinope, where the pagans subjected him to cruel tortures. But, as the legend says, «by the grace of his Teacher and Savior, Saint Andrew again turned out to be healthy and whole from wounds.»
Nikolai Lomtev. «The Apostle Andrew the First-Called places a cross on the mountains of Kiev»
According to the Russian chronicles, Saint Andrew preached Christianity in the Slavic lands. The last city where the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called came, and where he received a martyr’s death, was the city of Patras (Patras). Here, through the prayer of the apostle, the seriously ill Sosii, a noble citizen, recovered. The imposition of apostolic hands healed Maximilla, the wife of the ruler of Patras and his brother, the philosopher Stratoclius. However, the ruler of the city, Consul Aegeatus, cruelly repaid him for the healing of relatives.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio. «The Martyrdom of St. Andrew».
Sentenced to death around the year 67, he appealed to the authorities not to crucify him on a cross of the same shape as the one on which Christ was crucified. His request was granted and, as it is believed, Saint Andrew died on the oblique cross made of two logs, which later became his symbol.
Frans Fraken Jr. «The Execution of St. Andrew».
In order to prolong the apostle’s torment, Egeate ordered not to nail his hands and feet to the cross, but to tie them.
A painting by Bartolomeo Esteban Murillo. «The Martyrdom of St. Andrew».
For two days the apostle from the cross taught the townspeople gathered around. The people who listened to him sympathized with him with all their hearts and demanded that the holy apostle be removed from the cross. Fearing popular outrage, Egeat ordered the execution to be stopped. But the holy apostle began to pray that the Lord would honor him with the death of the cross. No matter how the soldiers tried to remove the Apostle Andrew, their hands did not obey them. The crucified apostle, having praised God, said: «Lord Jesus Christ, receive my spirit.» Then the bright radiance of Divine light consecrated the cross and the martyr crucified on it. When the radiance disappeared, the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called had already given his soul to the Lord.
According to legend, the cross on which the Holy Apostle Andrew was crucified had the shape of the letter «X». It is from this cross that the multi-faceted «St. Andrew’s flags» — Scotland, Ireland, the Russian Navy and others — originated.
St. Andrew the Apostle is the patron saint of Russia, Scotland, Greece and Romania.
Photo rating on the topic «Pictures about the biblical executions of the apostles».
*Texts from Wikipedia and other Internet resources were used.
*Translated using an electronic dictionary. The original text in Russian and much more on the criminal topic can be selected on the main page of the site — http://crimerecords.info/